By Robert Shenk
Then the destroyers assisted within the ultimate evacuation of 150,000 White Russians from the Crimea to Constantinople (one of the ultimate acts of the Russian Revolution); coordinated the visits of the Hoover grain ships to ports in Southern Russia the place hundreds of thousands have been enduring a horrendous famine; witnessed and said at the poor dolorosa of the Greeks of the Pontus regious of Turkey; and, in September of 1922, carried out the evacuation of thousands of Greek and Armenian refugees from burning Smyrna. This latter occasion was once the cataclysmic end of the Turkish Nationalist Revolutino, which had started in early 1920.
After Smyrna, the destroyers escorted Greek steamers of their rescue of ethnic Christian civilians being expelled from all of the ports of Anatolian Turkey. because the end of a protracted warfare among Nationalist Turks and an invading Hellenic Greek military, those humans have been being pressured out in their ancestral houses via the Turks. occasionally American destroyers carried hundreds and hundreds of such refugees to pleasant ports on their lonesome climate decks.
Upon the burning of Smyrna of September of 1922, Admiral Mark Bristol's small fleet had grown to a couple 26 naval vessels, such a lot of them destroyers, even though a few cruisers, naval fix vessels and provide ships additionally got here, and the battleships Arizona and Utah additionally seemed in brief. It used to be in the course of 1922 that the destroyer BAinbridge rescued 482 of 495 males, ladies and youngsters from the burning French shipping Vinh lengthy in teh Sea of Marmora. The destroyer entire this by means of the expedient of ramming the big French send so the exploding ammunition couldn't proceed to strength the vessels aside. For this motion, Lieut.Commander W. Atlee Edwards was once offered the Medal of Honor through the United States, and the Legion of Honor by means of France.
Over 4 years, Admiral Bristol maintained a powerful grip on American naval and diplomatic affairs through the quarter. centered on the American Embassy at Constantinople, Bristol additionally labored to extra American enterprise pursuits in Turkey, and tended to prefer Turks over Greeks and Armenians within the method. Many american citizens have been confident that Bristol used to be biased on behalf of the Turks, and 2 military captains risked their careers via conversing out approximately forthcoming Turkish massacres that Bristol desired to hush up.
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